Essay upon Assignment about Cost Movement Methods

Inventory Cost Runs:

There are 3 assumptions utilized in accounting pertaining to inventory cost:

• Average Cost

▪ Average cost of inventory is determined and represents the cost of all the items designed for store. • First-in, First-out (FIFO)

• Last-in, First-out (LIFO)


This approach is quite simple; it takes the average of all units available for sale during the accounting period and then uses that normal cost to determine the value of COGS and finishing inventory. Underneath Average Technique, a company will determine the weighted common cost of the inventory. This kind of inventory accounting method is utilized primarily by simply companies that maintain a big supply of undifferentiated inventory products such as fuels and grains. FIFO TECHNIQUE:

Under FIFO (first-in, first-out), a company constantly assumes that this sells their oldest products on hand first and that ending stocks include lately purchased goods. It is assumed which the oldest inventory—i. e., the inventory initially purchased—is often sold 1st. Therefore , the inventory that remains is from the most recent purchases. Companies selling perishable goods including food and drugs tend to utilize this method, since cash flow carefully resembles goods flow with this method. LIFO METHOD:

Beneath LIFO Method (last-in, first-out), it is assumed that one of the most recent buy is always sold first. Therefore , the products on hand that is still is always the oldest inventory. A company constantly assumes that this sells it is newest products on hand first. Even so, this method signifies the true stream of goods for very few businesses.

Characteristics of those three strategies:

Average Cost

• The elements that managing should take into account when discussing to switch among FIFO and LIFO consist of any potential income tax rate changes and any potential changes in the expense of units. • Changing between LIFO and FIFO may have effects in financial information as it may have an impact in: – Cost of Goods Sold- Ending Products on hand

– Low Margin- Sum paid in income taxes

– Net Income

First-In, First-Out

• FIFO allows that the costs accrued first (oldest costs) are given to profits.

• This approach is used under the assumption that goods can be purchased in the buy in which they are presented for sale because inventory

Last-In, First-Out

• LIFO enables the costs recently accrued (newest costs) to be matched with revenues

• This method is employed under the presumption that goods are sold backwards order of their availability since inventory

Which method is better, FIFO or perhaps LIFO?


• Although the same quantity of units was sold, the Cost of Goods distributed was fewer and eventually Gross Margin would be higher when LIFO was used.

• Businesses must inform on their published financial reviews whether the business is using a FIFO or perhaps LIFO price flow for his or her inventory bank account. o Managers make this decision on whether to use LIFO or FIFO and will at times choose a selected method to represent higher New Income upon Financial reviews or to avoid paying higher tax prices.

o Corporations very rarely swap between FIFO and LIFO, but if they happen to, companies are required to emphasize the change on the monetary reports

• It is extensively accepted that in a time of rising costs, FIFO needs to be used, because the COGS will probably be less.

• In times of reducing costs, LIFO should be applied as the COGS is going to represent the cheaper, more modern additions to the inventory account.

• The elements that supervision should take into consideration when discussing to switch between FIFO and LIFO include any potential income tax level changes and any potential changes in the cost of units.

• Changing between LIFO and FIFO will have effects in financial information as it could have an impact about: o Cost of Goods...

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